Algae Biofuels : The third Generation Biofuels
The first generation of biofuels, primarily plant product and second generation, derived from plant and animal waste streams involved .
It was with plenty of hope, and hype, that production of the third generation of biofuels was started. In contrast to their precursors, these biofuels are derived from algae, so in theory the food vs. fuel quandary of crop-based biofuels would be solved.
Fossil fuel oil and gas originated from ancient algae in massive live, that the idea here is to duplicate the essence of the creation of fossil fuels, albeit accelerated and optimized with trendy chemical engineering. Algae represent the third-generation feedstock for biodiesel, with much higher yields than second generation crops like Jatropha and Pongamia. Algae yields could reach a high of 50 T of biodiesel per hectare year against 2 T for competing feedstock such as Jatropha. Algae score over all other oil crops in terms of the yield of biomass. Oil yields per unit area from algae can be even further increased, and it is one of the most researched topics currently. Further, pilot projects suggest that algae could provide over 10,000 gallons of biodiesel per hectare per year. Some recent publications in the area of Biodiesel from Algae include Cheng et al. (2017).
Millions of greenbacks, euros and different currencies are spent trying to urge the algae marvel to figure. A lot of the money has been directed at processing the engineering method, electrically lighting the crop – that grows in an exceedingly liquid suspension – gather and exhausting it. The answer to optimization was primarily technological non-biological, although species choice and growth conditions were additionally acknowledged as vital factors.
To know more about Algae Biofuels, join “9th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy” to be held in Dubai, UAE on April 16-17, 2018.
This conference provides help in understanding the different types of Bioenergy resources and highlights the potential impact of bioenergy and the advantages associated with for the development of a sustainable bioenergy industry.