Saturday, 24 March 2018


Enzyme to Ease Biofuels Production

The enzyme, referred to as CelA, comes from Caldicellulosiruptor bescii, and NREL scientists reportable 3 years agony, within the journal Science, however it will convert biomass to sugars quicker than competitory catalysts in business protein preparations. The follow-up study, elaborated within the new Scientific Reports paper, The Multi Domain Caldicellulosiruptor bescii CelA Cellulase Excels at the chemical reaction of crystalline polyose, points to however the protein might facilitate take away one amongst the technical and economic barriers preventing plastic biofuels from changing into a billboard reality.

The crystalline structure of polyose fiber in plant cell walls usually poses a tangle for cellulases, the enzymes that employment to interrupt down polyose. A lot of crystalline the structure, the stronger the fibers area unit. Fungous enzymes tested to this point cannot simply break down fibers with high crystalline content in order that the fabric will be reborn into a biofuel. CelA, however, is agnostic to the extent of crystalline content.

"CelA is ready to interrupt down polyose with high crystallinity an equivalent as low crystallinity, that has ne'er been shown for the other cellulase," aforesaid Yannick Bomble, a senior analysis human at NREL and therefore the senior author of the paper. "The higher the cellulase is, the faster you'll be able to convert biomass to straightforward sugars that the cheaper the method can get."



However CelA performed very well in breaking down and interacting with the parts of cell walls in corn stover: glucan, xylan, and lignin. Chemical pretreatments were used on corn fodder and silk like fibers referred to as cotton linters, discarding numerous amounts of the parts and ranging degrees of crystallinity, severally. The experiments showed the degree of crystallinity did not have an effect on however well the protein performed.

The point came once CelA encountered polymer, the part that has rigidity to cell walls. With some pretreatment conditions, some polymer remained, which stopped the protein. "If it binds to polymer, it's simply stuck. It cannot method or break down biomass anymore," Bomble aforesaid. "When that happens, you lose the protein. A lot of enzymes you lose to non-productive binding, the less economical the conversion. That is typically the matter. This can be why we're acting on methods to forestall CelA's binding to polymer however retaining the very important affinity to polyose."

Join "9th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy" to be held in Dubai, UAE on April 16-17, 2018 and share you knowledge about enzymes uses in production of biofuels.

For Registration details contact:
Jason Martin


Saturday, 10 February 2018



Algae Biofuels : The third Generation Biofuels


The first generation of biofuels, primarily plant product and second generation, derived from plant and animal waste streams involved .

It was with plenty of hope, and hype, that production of the third generation of biofuels was started. In contrast to their precursors, these biofuels are derived from algae, so in theory the food vs. fuel quandary of crop-based biofuels would be solved.

Fossil fuel oil and gas originated from ancient algae in massive live, that the idea here is to duplicate the essence of the creation of fossil fuels, albeit accelerated and optimized with trendy chemical engineering. Algae represent the third-generation feedstock for biodiesel, with much higher yields than second generation crops like Jatropha and Pongamia. Algae yields could reach a high of 50 T of biodiesel per hectare year against 2 T for competing feedstock such as Jatropha. Algae score over all other oil crops in terms of the yield of biomass. Oil yields per unit area from algae can be even further increased, and it is one of the most researched topics currently. Further, pilot projects suggest that algae could provide over 10,000 gallons of biodiesel per hectare per year. Some recent publications in the area of Biodiesel from Algae include Cheng et al. (2017).



Millions of greenbacks, euros and different currencies are spent trying to urge the algae marvel to figure. A lot of the money has been directed at processing the engineering method, electrically lighting the crop – that grows in an exceedingly liquid suspension – gather and exhausting it. The answer to optimization was primarily technological non-biological, although species choice and growth conditions were additionally acknowledged as vital factors.


To know more about Algae Biofuels, join “9th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy” to be held in Dubai, UAE on April 16-17, 2018.

This conference provides help in understanding the different types of Bioenergy resources and highlights the potential impact of bioenergy and the advantages associated with for the development of a sustainable bioenergy industry.


Contact:
Jason Martin

Friday, 2 February 2018



Biorefineries

The processes of biomass conversion with appropriate equipment to produce fuels, power and value-added chemicals from biomass is known to be biorefinery. Biorefinery takes advantages of the several components in biomass and their intermediates as they produce several products and therefore value of the derived biomass feedstock is maximized.

For an example, biorefinery can produce both low-volume but high value chemicals and low-value but high-volume products such as biodiesel and bioethanol. Along with which it can generate electricity and process heat through other technology. The highly value products increases profit and power production helps to lower energy costs and reduce emissions from long-established power plant facilities.

The thermochemical biomass conversion process is complicated, and uses components, configurations, and different operating conditions. Biomass is initially converted into syngas, and syngas is later converted into an ethanol-rich mixture. However, syngas created from biomass contains contaminants such as tar and Sulphur that messes with the conversion of the syngas into products. These messes can be overcome by tar-reforming catalysts and catalytic reforming processes. This not only cleans the syngas, it also enhances it, improving process and ultimately cutting the cost of the resulting ethanol.

At most places in the world the concept of biorefinery is still in initial stages. Problems like raw material availability, feasibility in product supply chain, scalability of the model are hindering its development at commercial-scales. Although the technology is still in early stages, but it holds the key to the optimum utilization of wastes and natural resources that we have have always tried to achieve.



Join “9th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuelsand Bioenergy” to held in Dubai, UAE on April 16-17, 2018 to gain and share knowledge about biorefineries.

Contact
Jason Martin

Thursday, 25 January 2018




Currently, there is an enduring research on biofuel into finding more and more applicable crops to enhance oil output. In order to substitute fossil fuel usage entirely, huge volume of land and fresh water would be necessary to manufacture ample amount of oil. Research on biofuel at present focuses on producing reasonably high oil yields. Specially bred mustard varieties are found to produce high oil yields, which are very useful in crop rotation with cereals.

Biofuel may be considered as potential replacement to conventional fossil fuels as they are renewable, nontoxic, environmentally safe and biodegradable. Biodiesel can be used in its pure form or blended in any proportion with diesel to create a biodiesel blend. Vegetable oils have to undergo the process of transesterification. Biodiesel has comparable similar physical properties and emission characteristics as that of diesel fuels like energy density, cetane number, heat of vaporization and stoichiometric air/fuel ratio. Therefore, biodiesel fuel becomes a strong candidate to replace the fossil fuel and a superior biodiesel has to fulfill the environmental and energy security needs without sacrificing operating performance (engine).

Fungi with single-cells have been used as biofuel research by a team in Moscow, who stated that they had dissociated large amounts of lipids from these fungi in an economically efficient manner. Few more research on biofuel using these fungal species is going on at present.Some researchers recently have successfully produced biofuel from oil recovered from used coffee grounds. After extracting the oil, it underwent conventional processing into biodiesel. The estimated cost of producing biodiesel following this method could be for about one US dollar per gallon.


Join and share knowledge on biofuels at “9th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy” to be held in Dubai, UAE on April 16-17, 2018.


Contact:
Jason Martin



Monday, 22 January 2018



Biofuels : A Step Towards Future


A large number of technologies have been tried out sources for renewable energy and, but still no single strategy is likely to provide an overall solution, it seems possible that a combination of few strategies can be employed that will linearly decrease our dependence on fossil fuels. The obstacle that remains is to develop renewable energy industries that operate linearly and can be cost competitive.


 Fossil fuels are used for the production of electrical energy, as well as liquid fuels. There are a few number of renewable or low atmospheric pollution technologies that can generate electrical energy, including solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal and nuclear. However, renewable technologies to replace liquid fossil fuels are still in their early stages. The International Energy Agency expects that biofuels will be contributing 6% of total fuel use by 2030, but can be expanded significantly if undeveloped petroleum fields are not used or if substantial new fields are not identified. The most encouraging sustainable substitutes are almost exclusively categorized under the ‘biofuels’. This term describes a diverse range of technologies that produce fuel with minimum of one component based on a biological system. The considerable technologies presently employed for biofuels begin with terrestrial plants with ethanol, whether this is corn starch to sugar to ethanol, or sugarcane sugars to ethanol. Highly recognized production is the sugarcane-to-ethanol production in Brazil. For a lesser amount of consideration, oils from terrestrial plants – for example, soy and palm – are used to produce biodiesel. These strategies are practically at the small scale; however, as their use has heightened, it is evident that they are not sustainable, owing to the colossal amount of agricultural land that would be required to succeed a significant fraction of petroleum using this strategy.

To share and gain knowledge about biofuels and bioenergy, Join "9th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy" to be held in Dubai, UAE on April 16-17, 2018.

Contact: 
Jason Martin


Friday, 12 January 2018

Biodiesel: Fueling the Future

Biodiesel indicates an animal fat-based or vegetable oil diesel fuel comprising of long-chain alkyl (methyl, ethyl, or propyl) esters. Biodiesel is customarily made by chemically reacting lipids (e.g., soybean oil, vegetable oil, animal fat (tallow)) with an alcohol generating fatty acid esters. Biodiesels are alternatively to be utilized in standard diesel engines and also well-defined from the vegetable and waste oils used for functioning of fuel converted diesel engines. Biodiesel can be used singly, or blended with any proportions of Petro diesels. Biodiesel blends can also be utilized as heating oil. Thought the physical property of the Biodiesel is similar to Petroleum diesel, Biodiesels is a cleaner-burning alternative. With no alteration in a regular diesel engine, Biodiesel can be used without any complications. Similarly, transportation and storage of Biodiesel can be done through regular equipment’s used for petro diesel respectively.


Share your insights with our keynote speakers

Warner Kunz (Professor, University of Regensberg, Germany)
Karl W Feilder (CEO, Neutral Fuels, UAE)
Ajit V Sapre (Group President, Reliance Industries Limited, India)

To know more science about Biodiesel, Join “9th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy” to be held in Dubai, UAE on April 16-17, 2018.


Contact: Jason Martin

               biofuelsconference@chemseries.com

Thursday, 4 January 2018


Need of Future : Bioethanol Production

Biologically synthesized alcohols, most frequently ethanol, and rarely propanol and butanol, are formed by the reaction of microorganisms and enzymes through the fermentation of sugars or starches, or cellulose. Biobutanol (also called bio gasoline) is often asserted to provide a direct stand-in for gasoline, because it can be used precisely in a gasoline engine. Ethanol fuel is the most widely used biofuel worldwide. Alcohol fuels are formed by fermentation of sugars derived from wheat, sugar beets, corn, molasses, sugar cane and any sugar or starch from which alcoholic liquors such as whiskey, can be produced (such as potato and fruit waste, etc.). The ethanol manufacturing methods applied are enzyme digestion (to release sugars from stored starches), distillation, fermentation of the sugars and drying. Ethanol can be used in petrol engines as a substitute for gasoline; it can be blended with gasoline to any concentration. Current car petrol engines can operate on mixes of up to 15% bioethanol along with petroleum/gasoline. Ethanol has lesser energy density than that of gasoline; this implies that it takes more fuel to generate the same amount of work. An asset of ethanol is its higher-octane rating than ethanol-free gasoline accessible at roadside gas stations, which permits the rise of an engine's compression ratio for increased thermal efficiency.



To share your knowledge about Bioethanol, join “9th Annual Congress and Expo on Biofuels and Bioenergy” to be held in Dubai, UAE on April 16-17, 2018.


Contact: Jason Martin